There are three main families of weaves, each has many variations.
This is the most classic and widespread weave.
It alternates a taken warp thread and a left one, then reverses on the next line. This weave allows to have a solid, resistant, relatively thin and homogeneous fabric. It is often used in technical textiles for its strength and ease of implementation.
This weave allows the formation of cords (line effect) formed in diagonals.
It also allows to obtain a resistant material. It is mainly used in the manufacture of jeans and work clothes.
This weave has the particularity to have few taken yarns, which leaves important lengths of left, so, we see appearing floats.
This weave is mainly used in clothing for its very shiny and soft effect, as in the case of silk, but also in technical textiles for anti-cutting applications.
Other weaving methods
Is set up on looms called jacquard, they have the particularity of having independent threads of chains. This type of loom allows total freedom in terms of patterns. Nevertheless, the number of colors is limited and depends on the machines.
Mainly in technical textiles, we also find 3D interlock woven structures, this weaving technique allows to obtain multi-layer fabrics. They are particularly effective in resisting high speed projectiles (e.g. explosive devices), they allow to distribute and absorb the shock caused by the impact.
Types of fibers used
Weaving can use all types of yarns, from all origins. It is easier to weave natural fibers because they are less smooth and therefore slip less.
Resistant, dimensionally stable, durable. The characteristics depend on the weave chosen.
Clothing, geotextiles, composites, parachute fabrics (paragliders etc.), boat sails, safety / PPE (personal protective equipment), health, food packaging, furniture, sports equipment, events, industry, etc.